pets - pet waste
An article in the National Wildlife
Federation magazine's October/November 2004 issue by Heidi Ridgley states, "According to a 1999 Vanderbilt University
study, dog feces are a major cause of water pollution in urban and suburban
areas, particularly following periods of heavy rain. The runoff taints streams
and rivers, robbing them of oxygen and killing aquatic life. The researchers
originally suspected that leaky septic systems and sewage pipes accounted for
unexpectedly high bacterial levels in Nashville, Tennessee streams and tributaries.
'What they found instead was that in neighborhoods with no sewer problems,
the most common fingerprint is that of dogs,' says Edward Thackston, an environmental
engineer." The article encourages pet owners to keep their cats indoors,
bag their kitty litter, pick up pet poop, and read the labels on flea and tick
Pet waste disposal stations are at the Tanger Outlet Mall and
D River. West Devils Lake State Park is working to control pet waste. Property
owners around the lake and in the watershed are encouraged to pick up after their
Bird and Wildlife feeding
Do not feed the lake geese, gulls or fish, including grass carp. Their waste
contributes to poor water quality.
the lead out
Do not use lead in fishing tackle. Birds such as bald eagles can eat
the lead in fish and die. Check with your local store to purchase only
lead free fishing weights.
Cats - Keep
domestic cats indoors
Keep your pet cat indoors. Cats can kill migratory birds and other small animals.
Indoor cats live longer and healthier lives. Outdoor cats should be on a leash,
in an outdoor enclosure or cat run. For information see www.abcbirds.org/cats/.
- keep indoors or let out from 11:00 am to 3:00 pm only.
Community Wildlife Habitats (CWH)
By creating sustainable landscapes that avoid pesticides, chemical fertilizers
and excess watering, Community Wildlife Habitat projects benefit the entire community:
people, plants and wildlife. For more information on how to turn a community
into a welcoming place for wildlife, visit www.nwf.org/backyardwildlifehabitat
Research highlights that pesticides and salmon don't mix
quality and salmon watchers have been following this research for a
now it’s hot off the presses. National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration Northwest Fisheries Science Center scientist
David Baldwin just published his findings in the Ecological Society of
America’s December issue of Ecological Applications. The upshot:
exposure to low levels of common pesticides used by farmers and city
dwellers alike may hinder the growth and survival of wild salmon. Furthermore,
toxicity increases when the chemicals are mixed together in the water. Using
existing data and a model for growth and reproduction, Baldwin and his
colleagues found that with only 4 days of exposure to pesticides such as diazinon
and malathion can change the freshwater growth and, by extension, the subsequent
survival of subyearling fish. Improving water quality could improve recovery
of salmon listed under the Endangered Species Act, the researchers said. What
are the keys to success in this case? Lowering pesticide use by implementing
integrated pest management strategies (IPM), minimizing over application, and
applying pesticides correctly to minimize drift into local waterways.
Salmon - provide shoreline habitat
Devils Lake and Rock Creek have a very important, small, wild coho salmon
population listed as a threatened species. The state of Oregon is making
a major effort to recover that species. The lake and creek have about
100 to 200 adult coho spawners each winter. Juveniles in Rock Creek
in the summer number about 10,000, and the number in the lake is unknown.
A smolt trap is placed at the mouth of the D River at certain times
of the year to study their migration.
Uniquely this population spawns from Christmas
to the end of January, the latest on the central and northern Oregon coast. Rock
Creek has the
highest coho density on the north coast, higher than 100 surveys that
include Siletz, Nestucca, Tillamook, and Nehalem. Coho spawn in December
or primarily January, juveniles emerge out of the ground about April,
stay in the fresh water lake about one full year, then about the following
April, May, or June go to the ocean. Some coho may stay in Devils Lake
longer than a year.
The Rock Creek dam project to allow easier fish
passage was completed in September 2006, and involved the Salmon Drift Creek
the City of Lincoln City,
the Devils Lake Water Improvement District, the Oregon Watershed Enhancement
Board, the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service, and the Preservation Association of Devils Lake. Agency
staff and volunteers worked on all aspects
of the dam modification project.
California Sea Otters and others
Facts about Toxo and cat poop - KEEP CATS INDOORS
Sea Otters are appearing off the Oregon Coast, especially near Depoe
Toxo – short for Toxoplasma gondii – is a tiny
parasite that lives in the bodies of many people and animals. Most
people with toxo never show
any symptoms or illness. But if you do get sick, you may be ill for
about 2 weeks and have fever, head and muscle aches, sore throat and
swollen neck, and difficulty seeing.
You should worry about Toxo if
- your immune system is compromised, say, if you have AIDS or are taking
drugs that suppress your immune system. Your body's defenses may not
be able to ward off the spread of Toxoplasma, and the parasites may
cause brain disease.
- your pregnant - a Toxoplasma infection of an unborn child may cause
birth defects, blindness and brain damage.
If you think you have been exposed to Toxoplasma, especially if you
are pregnant, talk to your doctor.
Most cats never show any symptoms of illness from toxo _ yet they're
the ones who spread it.
How does that happen?
Even though lots of animals, including birds, have Toxoplasma, on cats
_ pet cats, feral cats, mountain lion, bobcats _ shed Toxoplasma "eggs"
in ther poop. They can shed millions of "eggs" for 7-14 days
the first time they get infected with Toxoplasma (and they usually get
only once in their lives). The "eggs" live in the soil and
water, are spread by earthworms, flies and beetles, and are picked up
animals. Cats pick up Toxoplasma when they eat small wild animals. The
parasites spread throughout the body to places like the lung, eye and
brain, and remain in the body for a long time.
SEA OTTERS ARE BEING KILLED BY TOXO! We know that Toxo "eggs" are making
their way into the ocean, but we don't know exactly how sea otters are
becoming infected. We do know that the only way to prevent them from
being infected is to reduce cat poop in the environment.
You could ingest Toxo by:
- Eating raw or undercooked meat or shellfish,
- Drinking water that contains Toxoplasma "eggs,"
- Getting soil with Toxoplasma "eggs" in your mouth,
- Getting infected cat poop from your hand into your mouth after cleaning
the cat box,
- Being infected before you were born, if your mother got Toxoplasma
while she was pregnant.
- Cook shellfish well and meat until it is no longer pink,
- Use hot, soapy water to wash knives and cutting boards used to prepare
- Wash dirt off vegetables before eating,
- Avoid drinking water from rivers and streams,
- Wash your hands after gardening and remove dirt from under your nails,
- Wear gloves if you work with soil or change the cat litter,
- Wash your hands with warm, soapy water after cleaning the cat box,
- Clean your cat box daily – it takes about 24 hours for the "eggs" in
cat poop to be able to infect people,
- Stop your cat from hunting small wild animals and birds by keeping it
- Feed your cat dry or canned cat food, or cook fresh meat before you feed
it to your cat.
Protect Your Sea Otters!
- Don't flush kitty litter down the toilet - sewage treatment may not kill
- Put cat poop in plastic bags and drop them in your trashcan,
- Keep your cats indoors,
- Remove cat poop from your yard. Toxo "eggs" last for months in soil and
can move into rivers and oceans during the rainy season.
Green Thumb Watershed Education Program -
program of the Preservation Association of Devils Lake (PADL)
Copyright © 2003-2010 Preservation Association of Devils Lake (PADL)
P.O. Box 36
Lincoln City, OR 97367